force


force
force [fôrs, fōrs]
n.
[ME < OFr < VL * fortia, * forcia < L fortis, strong: see FORT1]
1. strength; energy; vigor; power
2. the intensity of power; impetus [the force of a blow]
3.
a) physical power or strength exerted against a person or thing [to use force in opening a door]
b) the use of physical power to overcome or restrain a person; physical coercion; violence [to resort to force in dispersing a mob]
4. the power of a person to act effectively and vigorously; moral or intellectual strength [force of character]
5.
a) the power to control, persuade, influence, etc.; effectiveness [the force of circumstances, an argument lacking force]
b) a person, thing, or group having a certain influence, power, etc. [a force for good]
6. the real or precise meaning; basic point [to miss the force of something said]
7.
a) military, naval, or air power
b) the collective armed strength, as of a nation
c) any organized group of soldiers, sailors, etc.
8. any group of people organized for some activity [a sales force, a police force]
9. Law binding power; validity
10. Physics the cause, or agent, that puts an object at rest into motion or alters the motion of a moving object: abbrev. F
vt.
forced, forcing [ME forcen < OFr forcer < VL * fortiare < * fortia, * forcia: see the n.]
1. to cause to do something by or as if by force; compel
2. to rape (a woman)
3.
a) to break open, into, or through by force [to force a lock]
b) to make (a way, etc.) by force
c) to overpower or capture by breaking into, through, etc. [to force the enemy's stronghold]
4. to get or take by force; wrest; extort [forcing the gun from his hand]
5. to drive by or as by force; cause to move against resistance; impel [to force an article into a filled box]
6. to impose by or as by force: with on or upon [to force one's attentions on another]
7. to effect or produce by or as by force; produce by unusual or unnatural effort [to force a smile]
8. to exert beyond the natural limits or capacity; strain [to force one's voice]
9. to cause (plants, fruit, etc.) to develop or grow faster by artificial means
10. Obs.
a) to give or add force to
b) to put in force
11. Baseball
a) to cause (a base runner) to be put out by a force-out: said of a batter
b) to cause (a runner) to score or (a run) to be scored by walking the batter with the bases full: often with in
12.
a) Card Games to cause (an opponent) to play (a particular card)
b) Bridge to make a bid that requires (one's partner) to bid in response
SYN.- STRENGTH
——————
in force
1. in full strength; in full number
2. in effect; operative; valid
forceable
adj.
forceless
adj.
forcer
n.
SYN.- FORCE implies the exertion of power in causing a person or thing to act, move, or comply against his or its resistance and may refer to physical strength or to any impelling motive [circumstances forced him to lie ]; COMPEL implies a driving irresistibly to some action, condition, etc.; to COERCE is to compel submission or obedience by the use of superior power, intimidation, threats, etc.; CONSTRAIN implies the operation of a restricting force and therefore suggests a strained, repressed, or unnatural quality in that which results [a constrained laugh ]

English World dictionary. . 2014.

Synonyms:

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  • force — [ fɔrs ] n. f. • 1080; bas lat. fortia, plur. neutre substantivé de fortis → 1. fort; forcer I ♦ La force de qqn. 1 ♦ Puissance d action physique (d un être, d un organe). Force physique; force musculaire. ⇒ résistance, robustesse, vigueur. Force …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • forcé — force [ fɔrs ] n. f. • 1080; bas lat. fortia, plur. neutre substantivé de fortis → 1. fort; forcer I ♦ La force de qqn. 1 ♦ Puissance d action physique (d un être, d un organe). Force physique; force musculaire. ⇒ résistance, robustesse, vigueur …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • force — Force, Vis, Neruositas, Fortitudo, Virtus. Il se prend quelquesfois pour le dessus d une entreprinse ou affaire, comme, Il combatit si vaillamment que la force fut sienne, c est à dire, que le dessus du combat et la victoire fut à luy. Item,… …   Thresor de la langue françoyse

  • force — 1 n 1: a cause of motion, activity, or change intervening force: a force that acts after another s negligent act or omission has occurred and that causes injury to another: intervening cause at cause irresistible force: an unforeseeable event esp …   Law dictionary

  • force — Force. subst. fem. Vigueur, faculté naturelle d agir vigoureusement. Il se dit proprement du corps. Force naturelle. grande force. force extraordinaire. force de corps. force de bras, la force consiste dans les nerfs. frapper de toute sa force, y …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • Force — Force, n. [F. force, LL. forcia, fortia, fr. L. fortis strong. See {Fort}, n.] 1. Capacity of exercising an influence or producing an effect; strength or energy of body or mind; active power; vigor; might; often, an unusual degree of strength or… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • forcé — forcé, ée (for sé, sée) part. passé de forcer. 1°   À quoi on a fait violence, qu on a tordu, brisé avec violence. Un coffre forcé. Une serrure forcée. •   Ils [les Juifs] répandirent dans le monde que le sépulcre [de Jésus] avait été forcé ;… …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • force — n 1 *power, energy, strength, might, puissance Analogous words: *stress, strain, pressure, tension: *speed, velocity, momentum, impetus, headway 2 Force, violence, compulsion, coercion, duress, constraint, restraint denote the exercise or the… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • Force — Force, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Forced}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Forcing}.] [OF. forcier, F. forcer, fr. LL. forciare, fortiare. See {Force}, n.] 1. To constrain to do or to forbear, by the exertion of a power not resistible; to compel by physical, moral,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • force — ► NOUN 1) physical strength or energy as an attribute of action or movement. 2) Physics an influence tending to change the motion of a body or produce motion or stress in a stationary body. 3) coercion backed by the use or threat of violence. 4)… …   English terms dictionary


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